liver, weighing approximately
three pounds, is the largest solid
organ of the body in addition
to being one of the most important
organs. The vital functions that
are performed by the liver include
forming bile that is necessary
for better digestion, removing
toxins from the blood, storing
sugar in the form of glycogen
as well as vitamins and minerals,
and manufacturing blood proteins
that aid in clotting, immune system
and breaking down fatty substances
in the body.
disrupts the liver from performing
these functions. It is a condition
in which the healthy liver tissue
is replaced by scar tissue which
hampers the flow of blood to the
is the twelfth most common cause
of death by a disease and it is
responsible for approximately
26,000 deaths each year.
Causes and Risk Factors
Abuse: Chronic alcoholism
is a major cause of cirrhosis
of the liver. The amount of
alcohol consumption that leads
to the cirrhosis varies among
individuals and is also dependent
on the age, gender and biological
condition of the individual.
Alcohol causes injury to the
liver cells by obstructing
the normal process of breaking
down protein, fats, and carbohydrates.
Hepatitis C is the second
leading cause of cirrhosis
of liver. It incites a progressive
damage in the liver that progressively
forms over several years.
Hepatitis B and Hepatitis
D also have the same effect.
However, Hepatitis D can affect
only those individuals who
have Hepatitis B. Autoimmune
Hepatitis is another potential
cause of cirrhosis of liver.
In this cause, the body’s
own immune system attacks
the liver and causes inflammation.